Understanding duty of care…

Many people do not realize that refusing or failing to observe company safety rules and safety procedures or instructions from their supervisor is, in fact, breaking the law.

People don’t appreciate that, as an employee, they have certain legal obligations with regard to their own safety and the safety of other people in their workplace.

A failure to recognize and meet these legal obligations can result in:

  • injury or harm to yourself;
  • injury or harm to other people; and
  • you being prosecuted.

Occupational safety legislation operates in the same fashion as other aspects of the law. Ignorance of the law is no defense for committing an offense.

For this reason it is important that you recognize and understand what your responsibilities are under the Duty of Care.

Today we will discuss:

  • the employee’s duties;
  • the employer’s duties; and
  • the consequences of not meeting your responsibilities.

WHAT IS THE DUTY OF CARE?

Duty of Care refers to the legal duties that employees and employers have to one another to provide and maintain a safe place of work for everyone.

One way of understanding how the duties of employer and employee fit together is to imagine the Duty of Care to be like a coin.

A coin can only have value when it has two sides.  If you take one side away from the coin, you will no longer have a valuable commodity, just a lump of metal.

The same is true with the Duty of Care.  Achieving a safe place of work requires both the employer and the employee to meet their respective duties.

For example, an employer is required, under the Duty of Care, to provide employees with adequate Personal Protective Equipment.  Employees are required, under the Duty of Care, to correctly use and maintain the provided Personal Protective Equipment.

If both parties meet their duty to one another then the likelihood of accidents are reduced and the workplace is made safer.  However, if either party does not meet its duty to the other, this cannot be achieved.

As we look at the duties of the employer and the employees in more detail, you will begin to see how the example of the coin makes sense.

EMPLOYEE’S DUTY OF CARE

As an employee you have a general duty to:

  • ensure your own safety and health at work; and
  • avoid adversely affecting the safety and health of any other person through any act or omission.

The term “act” means doing something that puts people at risk.

The term “omission” means by not doing something, you would put people at risk.

However, as an employee, you have some other more specific duties.

You must follow instructions given by the employer for your safety or the safety of other people.  This means:

  • obeying company safety rules;
  • following safety procedures; and
  • following work instructions given by your Supervisor.

You must correctly use personal protective clothing and equipment that has been provided by the employer. This means:

  • wearing the correct type of Personal Protective Equipment for the work you are doing; and
  • wearing the equipment correctly.

You must not misuse or deliberately damage any equipment provided in the interest of safety and health. This means you must not:

  • interfere or tamper with fire fighting equipment;
  • interfere or tamper with first aid equipment and facilities;
  • obstruct or deface safety signs; or
  • remove machinery safety guards without permission.

You must report hazards that you are unable correct yourself.  This means that you should remove or correct any hazards that you identify in the workplace, providing:

  • you know how to safely do so; and
  • your own safety is not unnecessarily endangered.

You must report any injury or harm to health. This means that you must:

  • report all injuries no matter how minor; and
  • report the symptoms of any disease or illness that could be associated with work.

You must co-operate with your employer to allow them to carry out their Duty of Care. This means working actively with the employer to improve workplace safety and health.

EMPLOYER’S DUTY OF CARE

The employer has a general duty to provide a workplace where employees are not unnecessarily exposed to hazards.

Employers must provide and maintain safe workplaces, plant and systems of work.  This means employers must ensure:

  • the layout of the workplace is safe;
  • the storage and handling of all materials is safe;
  • the location and movement of people and mobile equipment can be carried out safely.

The employer must also provide employees with adequate information, instructions, training and supervision so they can perform their work safely. This means the employer must:

  • alert employees to hazards by providing warning signs, posters, booklets and other written materials;
  • provide each employee with the relevant task and safety training required to do their job safely;
  • instruct employees on how work and tasks are to be performed safely; and
  • supervise employees to ensure safety and health rules, procedures and instructions are being followed.

The employer must consult and co-operate with elected safety and health representatives with regard to safety and health matters in the workplace. This is aimed at getting employees and employers working together with the common goal of improving safety and health standards in the workplace.

The employer must provide employees with adequate Personal Protective Equipment where certain hazards cannot be totally avoided. The means the employer must:

  • provide the correct type of Personal Protective Equipment for the type of hazard; and
  • train the employees in how to select, wear, and use the Personal Protective Equipment.

The employer must ensure the safe use of plant and substances in the workplace. This means the employer must ensure employees are not exposed to hazards from anything to do with:

  • the transportation, storage, handling, use, cleaning, maintenance or disposal of plant; and
  • the transportation, storage, handling, use, cleaning, maintenance or disposal of substances.

The term “plant” means all machinery, equipment, vehicles, appliances and tools used to perform work.

The term “substances” means any natural or artificial solid, gas, liquid or vapour in the workplace.

The employer must report all accidents involving fatal or major injuries to the relevant State Government Safety Inspector.

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Hari-hari berlalu (2)…

Melanjutkan tulisan yang kemarin…

Sesampai kami di kantor, yang pertama dilakukan adalah absen menggunakan finger print, dengan alat ini tidak ada yang namanya nitip absen, kecuali jari tangannya dipotong he..he.. Setelah itu sepeti biasanya saya ikut prestart meeting untuk menyampaikan pesan safety ke group kerja. Disini terdiri dari 3 group kerja yaitu untuk pekerjaan painting dan blasting dikomandani oleh Deddy Irawan dan Jarwoto, kemudian pekerjaan hot work dengan komandannya Budi Cahyono, selanjutnya pekerjaan mechanical yang dikomandani oleh Ari Ambarwanto dan Pilipus Manurung. Saya biasanya keliling ikut mereka tetapi lebih sering hanya di 1 group besoknya gantian ke group kerja lainnya, begitulah rutinitas setiap paginya.

Pada prestart meeting ini para Komandan alias Supervisor akan memberikan penjelasan mengenai rencana kerja mereka, apa yang harus dipersiapkan, potensi bahaya apa saja yang ada di pekerjaan tersebut dan yang terakhir jelas adalah housekeeping. Untuk pesan safety biasanya saya tidak bosan-bosannya untuk mengingatkan gunakan PPE yang benar, sebelum bekerja tanyakan 5 hal pada diri masing-masing : 1. Apakah kita aman? 2. Apakah cara kerja kita aman? 3. Apakah alat yang kita gunakan aman? 4. Apakah lingkungan kita aman? dan terakhir 5. Apakah teman kita aman? Kalau semuanya sudah aman, silahkan bekerja. Kalau tidak aman silahkan diskusikan dengan Supervisor dan rekan kerja lainnya untuk mencari solusi agar bisa menjadi aman. Caranya dengan menggunakan Hierarchy Of Control.

Dalam melaksanakan pekerjaan tetap harus waspada dan saling mengingatkan antara satu pekerja dengan pekerja lainnya. Sangat jelas dalam materi induction yang diberikan sebelum kerja di lapangan selalu waspada dan berhati-hati ketika berada di lokasi project baik itu sedang berjalan, sedang istirahat atau sedang bekerja. Kecelakaan bisa terjadi kapan saja, dimana saja, dan menimpa siapa saja jadi kita semua waajib waspada.

Keselamatan kerja atau safety bukan hanya untuk orang safety tapi dari kita semua dan untuk kita semua. Itulah yang harus ditanamkan dan dibudayakan kepada para pekerja. Jangan karena ada orang safety terus berhati-hati atau waspada kalau gak ada safety terus terlena, itu adalah perilaku yang salah. Safety harus timbul dan muncul dari pribadi masing0masing pekerja bukan karena disuruh atau diperintah tapi akan muncul dengan sendirinya. Budaya safety di tempat kerja perlu digalang dan terus ditingkatkan sehingga para pekerja akan sadar dan tahu apa manfaat dari safety itu sendiri, safety bukan untuk siapa-siapa tapi untuk kita semua (para pekerja). to be continue…